SAN FRANCISCO (March 12): Nvidia Corp agreed to buy chipmaker Mellanox Technologies Ltd for US$6.9 billion, gaining expertise to help it push into the growing market for data centre components.
The US$125-a-share cash offer for Mellanox is a 14% premium to Friday’s close of US$109.38. But traders may not be sold on the idea that the deal will go through, with Mellanox trading up 8.6% to US$118.62, still short of the bid from Santa Clara, California-based Nvidia. That gap may reflect concern that chip deals have foundered on regulatory approval delays and blocks, amid a trade dispute between China and the U.S.
Nvidia’s biggest-ever acquisition is aimed at accelerating momentum for one of Chief Executive Officer Jensen Huang’s most successful initiatives. The company’s founder built a multi-billion-dollar business in under three years by persuading owners of data centers that his graphics chips are the right solution for processing the increasingly large amounts of information needed for artificial intelligence work, such as image recognition.
“The data centre is more important than ever,” Huang said in an interview. “This combination allows us to innovate faster.”
Nvidia is said to have won a bidding process for the American-Israeli company, which makes chips used to speed the flow of information across computer servers, beating out rivals, including Intel Corp. Mellanox’s market value, now at about US$5.9 billion, started to run up last year when activist investors took stakes and talk that it was up for sale emerged. Shares of the company, which is based in Yokneam, Israel and Sunnyvale, California, have risen 66% from their October trough and 18% this year, before the deal was announced. Nvidia shares gained 4.8% at 11:38 a.m. Monday in New York to US$157.79.
The acquisition process was “very competitive”, Huang said. Once complete, the combination is expected to be immediately accretive to profit and free cash flow, Nvidia said.
The growing reams of data generated means work on AI and large databases needs to be split between multiple computers. Simply using a faster processor isn’t enough, Huang said. To deal with this, data centers in future will be built as though they are single giant computers “with tens of thousands of compute nodes” requiring inter-connections that let them work in parallel. Nvidia will use its newly-acquired technology to make those giant warehouses full of machinery more efficient and effective, he said.
The deal may signal a resumption of consolidation in the US$470 billion semiconductor industry, which has been reshaped over the past five years, as companies combined to gain scale, while battling rising costs and shrinking customer lists.
“This could reinvigorate M&A discussions across the entire sector. Net Net: while the transaction would be a positive, given the size of the company, we wouldn’t view it as a transformation,” RBC Capital Markets analyst Mitch Steves wrote in a note to clients. “A deal would be more impactful for the broader semiconductor industry.”
Mellanox’s technology is crucial in transferring information from one component to another, both within and between computers. Chips that direct that traffic have become increasingly pivotal, as corporate networks and internet-based cloud service providers try to make sense of the plethora of data.
Multiple companies have an interest in adding such capabilities to their own products, as they try to court major buyers of servers and other computer infrastructure such as Alphabet Inc’s Google, Amazon.com Inc and Microsoft Corp.
Nvidia is the largest maker of graphics chips used by computer gamers. Such chips excel at executing multiple small calculations in parallel at high speed. Under Huang, the company developed the Cuda programming language now widely adopted by the industry, which helps tailor chips for artificial intelligence processing. The Nvidia unit that serves that market has tripled sales in the past three years.
Mellanox’s revenue surged 26% in 2018, topping US$1 billion for the first time. Nvidia had US$2.9 billion in sales from its data centre unit last year, up from US$830 million two years earlier.
The transaction now needs approval from regulators. That process has become more complicated as the U.S. faces off with China over trade. The Trump administration has blocked deals over concerns about China’s ambitions to acquire new semiconductor technology, and Beijing — the world’s largest consumer of chips — has in turn made it harder to secure its approval for transactions.
Huang said Nvidia studied carefully as to how the deal would be reviewed by regulators and believes it would not face significant hurdles, because the two companies are complementary.
Qualcomm Inc’s bid for NXP Semiconductors NV was abandoned last year after failing to get approval in China, before a company imposed deadline. That followed the cancellation of Broadcom Inc’s hostile effort to acquire Qualcomm by the U.S. government.
Goldman Sachs served as exclusive financial adviser to Nvidia, while Credit Suisse Group and JPMorgan Chase & Co advised Mellanox.