KUALA LUMPUR (Sept 23): Government revenue increased 4.6% year-on-year (y-o-y) to RM106.4 billion for the first half of 2021 (1H21), which fell below the Budget 2021 estimate.
Deputy Finance Minister I Mohd Shahar Abdullah said the federal government’s revenue for the entire year is projected to rise 4.2% to RM236.9 billion or 15.1% of gross domestic product (GDP) based on the forecast for economic growth and business prospects.
Of the 1H21 total, tax revenue comprised RM80.2 billion, while non-tax revenue contributed RM26.2 billion.
“Of the tax revenue, RM58.3 billion came from direct taxes, while indirect taxes made up RM21.9 billion,” he disclosed in the Dewan Rakyat today.
He was replying to an oral question from Fong Kui Lun (DAP-Bukit Bintang) about the country’s financial position in terms of revenue and expenditure as the Covid-19 pandemic entered its second year.
On 1H21 expenditure, Mohd Shahar said the government spent RM164.2 billion, up 5.7% from last year’s corresponding period.
“Of that, RM117.4 billion or 71.5% was for administrative expenses, RM28.4 billion or 17.3% for development spending and the remaining RM18.4 billion or 11.2% was spent under the Covid-19 Fund (KWC-19),” Mohd Shahar said.
He added that the bulk of the administrative expenditure — 65.5% — was for emolument expenses (RM43.2 billion), debt servicing (RM18.4 billion) and retirement payments (RM15.3 billion).
On development expenditure, he said 82.5% went to the economic and social sectors.
“Part of the spending under KWC-19 was to fund programmes such as Bantuan Prihatin Nasional (RM8.9 billion), wage subsidies (RM3.7 billion), the Special Prihatin Grant (RM2 billion) and Covid-19 related expenses (RM1.6 billion),” he said.
Mohd Shahar said the government understands the people’s anxiety over revenue collection not achieving the target announced during the tabling of Budget 2021.
In Budget 2021, the fiscal deficit for the year was projected to be 5.4% of GDP based on an estimated economic growth of 6.5% to 7.5%.
He said that following the third wave of the pandemic and the implementation of the nationwide movement control order (MCO), the 2021 fiscal deficit level was reviewed and expected to rise to about 6.5% to 7% after taking into account a forecast drop in GDP growth to 3% to 4%.
Due to this, the Ministry of Finance (MoF) announced forward measures via the pre-Budget statement that gives measures to explore new revenue streams, he said.
“This includes introducing the tax identification number (TIN) to ensure that all people who should pay to the government do pay, as well as tighter controls on the licensing and importation of tobacco products, and imposition of excise duty on electronic cigarettes or vapes,” he said.
He added that the government also had a medium-term revenue strategy to re-evaluate strategies based on current needs.
Meanwhile, touching on whether Malaysia had recorded a current account deficit, Mohd Shahar said the country’s legislation does not allow for the government to have such a deficit in any given financial year as a whole.
“Nonetheless, during 1H21, the financial position showed the government incurred a current deficit based on a mismatch between revenue and expenditure. This was nothing new as such a mismatch had been recorded since 2016.
“However, revenue is expected to grow significantly in 2H21, whereby additional revenue collection would be based on companies’ tax filings, which were finalised only at the end of June,” he added.
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