Cars: How Koenigsegg broke the land speed record with its Agera RS

This article first appeared in The Edge Financial Daily, on November 21, 2017.
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This month a Koenigsegg Agera RS hit the highest speed ever for a production vehicle.

Driver Niklas Lilja averaged a top speed of 277.87mph (447.19kph) across two runs in the US$2 million (RM8.32 million) coupe on a 11-mile (17.7km), closed-off stretch of Highway 160 near Pahrump, Nevada.

That beat the previous record of 267.8mph set by a Bugatti Veyron Super Sports model seven years ago in Germany. It also beat the Hennessey Venom GT and McLaren F1 that had previously owned or approximated similar top speeds.

What’s more, Lilja set records for the highest speed in a single direction on a public road (284.55mph); a zero-400-zero kph run (33.29 seconds); the highest average speed for a mile with a flying start on a public road (276.36mph); and the highest average speed for a flying kilometre on a public road (276.9mph).

The two latter records had been unbeaten since 1938. Nazi engineers set them with a modified Mercedes W125 race car along a section of the German autobahn. It was overdue for a topple.

“We are in a golden age of high-performance cars right now,” said Eric Schmedding, the product manager for original equipment at Michelin. Schmedding woke at 5 am the day of the performance to monitor the single set of Michelin Pilot Sport Cup 2 tyres the Agera wore for the duration.

“It took years to break the 200mph mark, but now we are knocking on the door of 300mph,” he said. “It’s a big game, with fierce competition, and it’s very fast-moving.”

Indeed. While the auto and technology industries have garnered plenty of hype for self-driving and autonomous cars — appliances, really — the field of drivable, high-powered super cars has never been more exciting.


A change in the wind

The Koenigsegg Agera RS that set the record had a 1,360hp, twin-turbocharged V8 engine and a power-to-weight ratio near that of the famous Koenigsegg One:1 (so-named for its perfect 1:1 ratio). It also weighed just 1,395kg, not including the factory-installed roll cage used while completing the records. That sounds heavy, but it’s more than 1,000 pounds (453.59kg) lighter than the 4,162-pound Bugatti that previously held the speed record and roughly 200hp more powerful — two considerable factors.

But it was also adjusted for downforce, Koenigsegg spokesman Steven Wade said on a phone call from the factory in Sweden. (Downforce is important for keeping a car stable as it accelerates and moves through space at high speed.) That proved the key factor to making the Agera RS faster than the more powerful, more expensive, more insane One:1. Where the One:1 was aerodynamically calibrated specifically to handle the curves of a track — the shape of its front splitter, rear wing and air vents all direct the flow of air in the way that eases changes in direction and speed — Koenigsegg calibrated the Agera RS to optimise movement in a straight line.

“Agera doesn’t quite have the same quite dramatic aerodynamics [as the One:1], which it means it has less drag,” Wade said. “With less drag, you are able to cut through the air quicker; with slightly less downforce, it’s better suited to a top speed, so this car was almost always a better candidate for a top-speed record.”


The race is on

It was clothing retailer Mark Stidham’s idea to go for the record (talk about bragging rights), and he was the first Agera RS owner to make his own car available for the attempt. Koenigsegg needed the support: There’s a three- to four-year waiting list for people who have already paid to buy Koenigsegg’s current car, the Regara; each of the 80 to be made were assigned to buyers long ago. As for the Agera RS, the brand will make only 25, plus three final-edition cars.

“We only build cars for customers,” Wade said. “We did have plans to build an RS for ourselves, but we had sold the entire allocation that we were going to build, so we didn’t even have a demonstrator.”

It helped that Stidham reportedly has friends in the film industry. Those guys know how to shut down entire stretches of highway, a feat that takes no small effort to work through paperwork, permits, transport, fees and scheduling. One of the reasons that 80-year-old flying-kilometre record stood for so long was simply that no one had taken the time to beat it.

Not that the challenge will keep Bugatti away. Or Hennessey, for that matter. Not by a long shot.

In a written statement, the Volkswagen-owned company said it “congratulates Koenigsegg on this achievement” and is “pleased to see that several super sports car manufacturers have entered the competition for records in the high-speed range”.

“As announced at the Frankfurt International Motor Show a few weeks ago, Bugatti will be making its next high-speed drive in 2018,” the emailed statement said, referring to an anticipated run with the Chiron. The Chiron is limited to 500 vehicles, more than 300 of which have already been sold.

“In the future, we will maintain our philosophy of building a production super sports car that is not only designed for maximum speed, but also meets the highest possible demands in terms of luxury, comfort, everyday drivability and durability,” Bugatti said. “The new Chiron combines the best in all these areas, which makes it the world’s most complete super sports car and a unique concept.”

Outsiders expect the response to pack a resounding wallop.

“Koenigsegg took this record from Bugatti, who we work very closely with as well,” said Michelin’s Schmedding, who due to confidentiality agreements declined to give additional specifics about future projects. “I’m sure they will plan to answer in 2018 with the Chiron. We expect that will happen.”

Sitting in his office in Sweden, Wade also anticipates an answer from Bugatti. It’s only a matter of time.

“Bugatti gives the car certain characteristics in terms of refinement that its customers are looking for,” he said. “We are more aggressive from a track standpoint — we have a much lighter car. But Bugatti hasn’t run the Chiron to top speed yet, so we’ll wait and see what they can do. It’ll be something.” — Bloomberg