(Aug 2): California and 18 other U.S. states said on Thursday they would sue to stop a Trump administration proposal to weaken Obama-era federal fuel efficiency standards, arguing the United States has an obligation to protect the environment for future generations.
The administration billed the rollback it announced on Thursday, which would also revoke California's authority to set its own strict vehicle emissions rules, as a way to lower auto prices for consumers. Critics said it would accelerate climate change and increase fuel prices.
The 19 states, and Washington D.C, announced what is likely to be a legal showdown over the proposal.
"We are prepared to go to court to put the brakes on this reckless and illegal plan," the coalition of states attorneys, led by Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey, said in a news release.
The states that have adopted California's emission rules together make up about one third of the U.S. auto market.
The U.S. auto industry is pushing for a negotiated settlement between states and the administration to lift uncertainty over the kinds of cars and trucks they will need to produce for the American market in the coming years.
The proposal to roll back anti-pollution efforts is in line with President Donald Trump's decision last year to abandon the 2015 Paris Agreement, under which countries agreed to take steps to mitigate global warming.
It also dovetails with the Republican president's broader effort to unwind green regulation, much of it a product of Democratic former President Barack Obama's administration, that he views as onerous to business.
The proposal from the U.S. Transportation Department and Environmental Protection Agency would freeze fuel efficiency standards at 2020 levels through 2026, and require dramatically fewer electric vehicles as more people continue to drive gasoline-powered vehicles.
The administration said the freeze would boost U.S. oil consumption by about 500,000 barrels of oil a day by the 2030s, and argued it would prevent up to 1,000 traffic fatalities per year by reducing the price of new vehicles and so prompting people to buy newer, safer vehicles more quickly.
Environmental groups criticized the assertion about reducing crash deaths, and said the proposal would drive up gasoline prices, increase asthma-inducing smog, and reverse one of the most significant steps Washington has taken to curb climate-changing greenhouse gas emissions.
"The clean car standards are already saving our families billions at the pump, supporting nearly 300,000 American jobs, and cleaning up dangerous tailpipe pollution," said Rhea Suh, president of the Natural Resources Defense Council. "We need to speed up that progress, not slide backward."
The administration must gather feedback on the proposal before it is finalized, a process that could take months and that could be further delayed by lawsuits.
Good for carmakers?
The Transportation Department says the proposal would shrink regulatory costs for automakers by US$319 billion through 2029, reducing by more than US$60 billion what General Motors Co, Ford Motor Co and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV each would have been expected to spend to comply with the Obama-era rules.
Toyota Motor Corp would save US$34 billion and Volkswagen AG US$20 billion.
General Motors said in a statement that it wants to work "with all parties to achieve one national 50-state program," adding it was committed to "continually improving fuel economy and our commitment to an all-electric future."
The Trump proposal estimated that under Obama-era requirements, about 70 percent of light trucks would be required to have some form of electrification by 2026 — a level it described as unrealistic — versus just 1% under the Trump proposal.
The administration also contends that hiking U.S. oil consumption by 2% to 3% over forecast levels would have a minimal impact on the environment, boosting global average temperature by just “3/1000th of a degree Celsius by 2100.”
Trump's decision to challenge California's authority to regulate vehicle emissions upends decades of federal policy that allowed the most populous U.S. state to combat air pollution that particularly afflicts Los Angeles.
Seventeen states, including California, and the District of Columbia had filed a lawsuit in May challenging the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's decision in April to declare current U.S. vehicle emission targets "not appropriate."
The Trump administration proposal calls California's zero emission vehicle rules, adopted by 9 other states, “technologically infeasible.”
"California will fight this stupidity in every conceivable way possible," Governor Edmund Brown, a Democrat, said in a news release on Thursday.
The freeze would also eliminate US$3 billion in estimated fines for automakers not meeting efficiency standards, but did not specify which automakers could avoid fines.
Democrats hope to make any rollback of the emissions rules a key part of midterm elections in November, when they will be seeking to try to regain control of one or both chambers of Congress.
Republicans in states with links to the auto industry may counter that the administration is working to ensure automakers can make more profitable, larger vehicles, including fuel-thirsty pickups and SUVs.
Some middle ground on the issue might be possible. Acting EPA chief Andrew Wheeler said on Wednesday he would welcome a deal between the industry and states.
Bill Wehrum, assistant administrator at the EPA, told reporters in a conference call on Thursday that many things had changed, including a drop in fuel prices, since the efficiency rules were last set six years ago.
He said gas prices are "at historically low levels and that changes driving habits, that changes the kind of cars and trucks that people want to buy, it changes what is possible in terms of vehicle fuel efficiency.”