LONDON (Sept 5): On any given day, the chair in Raven Rose's Ewing, New Jersey, bedroom might be draped with shirts, pants or pyjamas.
"It depends on how exhausted from work I am and if I plan to wear them again," said the 35-year-old retail clerk.
Marketers at consumer goods giant Unilever are calling it the "chairdrobe" — the heap of lightly worn clothes that often ends up crumpling one's go-to garments.
It's a familiar sight in the bedrooms of some 60% of millennials — 22- to 37-year-olds earning more than a quarter of the world's income — who approach laundry differently from other age groups, Unilever's market research shows.
That's a pain point for the company, maker of the world's second-biggest detergent, Omo.
For decades, Unilever and Procter & Gamble, the industry leader that created the best-selling brand, Tide, have pitched new and improved laundry detergents and fabric softeners, primarily to women using washing machines.
But millennials are less loyal to traditional brands and have new demands, including that products save time and be environmentally sustainable.
Many, like 36-year-old Olivia Tusinski, want to spend as little time as possible on laundry. Plus, washing too often wears your clothes out faster, she says.
"I don't like to waste water or energy," said Tusinski, a government employee in London.
P&G tested a line to woo the wash-weary a decade ago after discovering how common re-wearing clothes was. The Swash brand was parlayed into a US$499 de-wrinkling appliance in partnership with Whirlpool but two products made it to market as Downy Wrinkle Releaser spray and Tide Stain Pen.
Now, Unilever is having a go with Day 2, an aerosol spray that went on sale online only last week that it says refreshes, reshapes and dewrinkles clothes on the chairdrobe.
There are versions for denim and delicates, in addition to the original. Denim jeans are by far the most reworn garment, Unilever says.
"That's a high pride point for a lot of millennials, you know, ensuring that their denim is as pristine as possible," said Day 2's co-founder and marketing head Nathan Olivieri.
Indeed, denim aficionados have warned for years against washing jeans. Levi Strauss CEO Chip Bergh, a 28-year veteran of P&G, told a conference in 2014 that the jeans he was wearing that day were a year old and had never been washed.
LIKE A START-UP
Unilever's home care president Kees Kruythoff calls catering to millennials' mindset a way of "future-proofing" the portfolio. In addition to Day 2 in the United Kingdom, Unilever is testing a portion-controlled detergent in the Netherlands called Less. Both projects have been structured as if the developers were small and agile start-ups, not a multinational.
The global laundry detergent market is expected to reach US$205.2 billion by 2025, up from US$133.3 billion in 2016, according to Grand View Research, which predicts 4.9% annual growth fueled by the rising penetration of washing machines in developing countries.
In more developed markets, growth is being helped by eco-friendly brands like Seventh Generation, now owned by Unilever, and Method, Grand View said.
These upstart brands, which boast fewer chemicals and packaging with recycled plastic, are part of the wave of disruption that earlier slammed food and personal care and has finally shaken up home care.
Laundry leaders P&G, Unilever and Henkel are aiming to save consumers time with pre-measured or all-in-one offerings. Meanwhile, start-up subscription brands deliver soap to consumers' homes, while new mobile apps offer laundry services on demand.
Unilever's detergent Skip has partnered in Paris with the mobile app Cowash to connect people with neighbours willing to wash and iron their laundry for a fee.
Cowash says about 80% of its customers have washing machines and wash some of their clothes, but use the service to avoid time-consuming items like shirts that need ironing.
"They don't do it because they don't have washing machines, they do it because they don't have time," Cowash founder Adrien Hugon said.
Indeed, the project brief Unilever handed down to Olivieri some 10 months ago was to create a product that would give millennials more confidence to rewear worn clothes, since there was nothing on the market that explicitly targeted the issue and addressed smell, wrinkles and shape, the 25-year-old told Reuters.
While P&G's Febreze spray can be used to remove odours from clothes, for example, it more often focuses on hard-to-clean fabrics in the home or car such as upholstery and curtains.
Olivieri aimed to create a premium all-in-one product in an attractive can that could be displayed in a bedroom.
Over the course of one month last autumn, Olivieri's ten-person team developed the brand away from corporate headquarters in a rented house in a village outside Liverpool, frequently inviting consumers in for real-time feedback.
"We know the chairdrobe is a universal concept ... but as we move into a modern age where we're more time-poor than ever, that's becoming an even more relevant consumer problem," Olivieri said.
(US$1 = 0.7765 pounds)