Asian currencies soften as dollar recovers, speech from Fed's Powell in focus

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BENGALURU (Aug 23): Asian currencies fell against a resurgent dollar on Thursday as  investors awaited US Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell's speech on Friday for fresh cues.

Markets were looking to a speech by Fed Chairman Jerome Powell at the Jackson Hole meetings on Friday, amidst widespread speculation over a possible fourth US rate hike this year.

A third interest rate hike for the year is widely expected from the Fed in September.

The US dollar recovered after falling for six straight sessions, as the US and China imposed 25% tariffs on about US$16 billion worth of each other's goods.

US and Chinese officials met on Wednesday to negotiate their trade ties, but there was little evidence that the low-level talks would result in immediate action.

"After the recent pullback in the US dollar over the past few days we're just seeing some profit-taking and consolidation (in Asian currencies)," said Khoon Goh, ANZ's head of Asia research, based in Singapore.

"The Fed chair's speech (for the central bankers' annual meeting) at Jackson Hole at the end of the week is a big focus for markets, and I think right now we're at a bit of a consolidation phase at this point in time."

The Chinese yuan fell about 0.5% to the dollar, its biggest intraday drop in a week and breaking five straight sessions of gains.

The currency has lost about 5% versus the dollar this year, primarily on fears arising from the US-China trade dispute.

The United States is holding hearings this week on a proposed list of an additional US$200 billion worth of Chinese imports to face duties.

ANZ's Goh said that the tariffs coming into play on Thursday are largely priced in, but the planned additional tariffs could cause further volatility.

The Indian rupee softened versus the dollar as oil prices surged overnight after US government data showed a larger-than-expected draw from crude inventories.

The rupee is the worst-performing Asian currency this year, having lost nearly 9% to the dollar in the year to date, reflecting in part India's exposure to oil price volatility.

Indonesia's rupiah shed about 0.4% due to high dollar demand from local importers, prompting the central bank to intervene in the market.

Bank Indonesia has been struggling to stabilise the falling rupiah, and has hiked its benchmark interest rate four times since May.


The Singapore dollar shed as much as 0.37% to the dollar, its biggest intraday fall in nearly two weeks.

Singapore's inflation hit its fastest pace in nearly four years in July, bolstering the central bank's expectation of inflation coming in at the upper end of its 1-2% forecast range for the year.

"The Singapore dollar has strengthened to a key technical level and I think at this point in time there's a reluctance to push past a key technical level ahead of Powell's speech," ANZ's Goh added.

The following table shows rates for Asian currencies against the dollar as at 0553 GMT.

Change on the day

Currency                     Latest bid  Previous day  % move
Japan yen                    110.880     110.54        -0.31
Sing dlr                     1.371       1.3664        -0.30
Taiwan dlr                   30.772      30.730        -0.14
Korean won                   1121.800    1118.9        -0.26
Baht                         32.800      32.76         -0.12
Peso                         53.487      53.36         -0.24
Rupiah                       14633.000   14575         -0.40
Rupee                        70.090      69.81         -0.40
Ringgit                      4.103       4.096         -0.17
Yuan                         6.871       6.8388        -0.47

Change so far in 2018

Currency                     Latest bid  End 2017      % move
Japan yen                    110.880     112.67        +1.61
Sing dlr                     1.371       1.3373        -2.42
Taiwan dlr                   30.772      29.848        -3.00
Korean won                   1121.800    1070.50       -4.57
Baht                         32.800      32.58         -0.67
Peso                         53.487      49.93         -6.65
Rupiah                       14633.000   13565         -7.30
Rupee                        70.090      63.87         -8.87
Ringgit                      4.103       4.0440        -1.44
Yuan                         6.871       6.5069        -5.30